The Pilotage Act - when is pilotage mandatory?
The regulation regarding mandatory use of pilots is found in the Pilotage Act.
In order to ensure the safety at sea and to protect the environment the Pilotage Act and the corresponding Order on the use of a pilot make the use of a pilot mandatory for certain vessels for a number of specified geographical areas.
The mandatory regulation in the Pilotage Act and the corresponding Order is supplemented by a number of international recommendations on the use of a pilot. These recommendations are issued by the IMO (the International Maritime Organisation, a UN-organization) and contain several recommendations on the use of a pilot, also on transit of Danish territorial waters.
Which demands are set to pilots and pilotage service providers?
The main objective of the pilot is to ensure that the vessels arrive safely, so accidents and pollution are prevented. This sets demands on the education and training of the pilots, including knowledge of local sea conditions. Thus specific demands are set regarding the education of pilots. These demands are found partly in the Pilotage Act and partly in the Order on Issuing of Pilot Certificate and Pilotage Exemption Certificate.
The task of piloting and the demands regulating pilotage service providers are found partly in the Pilotage Act and partly in the Order on Pilotage Service Providers and the Obligations of Pilots.
Regulation of DanPilot
DanPilot is the governmental pilotage service provider. The "Act on DanPilot" was passed by the Danish Parliament in May 2013, which will transform the pilotage service provider to an independent public enterprise with its own Board of Directors and independent economy. As a state organization DanPilot is a part of the public administration but after the transition DanPilot will no longer be a part of the regular administrative hierarchy of the state.
The specific regulation of DanPilot is set out in the Act on DanPilot. As other pilotage service providers the general demands on pilotage service providers stated in the Pilotage Act and the Order on Pilotage Service Providers and the Obligations of Pilots also apply to DanPilot.